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Thursday, May 29, 2008

Geologists view Peace River’s collapse

Published May 27, 2008
With an historical output of 20 million gallons per day, Kissengen Spring would have been classified as a magnitude-two spring today, a category worthy of state protection.

But, it ceased continuous flow in 1950 as the result of excessive groundwater pumping, according to studies by the Florida Geological Survey. The water was withdrawn primarily for phosphate mining, which was booming in the area at the time.

The mining operations consumed 75 million gallons of water per day — more than twice the demand of all other users in Polk County combined — and had installed wells as large as 24 inches in diameter near the spring, according to a 1951 FGS and other reports.
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